The 1st World War and the world-wide economic depression caused a setback to
scientific research globally - much more so in India whose scientists found it
difficult even to publish their research work since they had to be almost
entirely dependent on foreign journals. The post World War India also saw the
rise of the freedom movement which incidentally also drew attention to the
numerous problems of the Indian people like poverty, hunger, diseases, recurrent
floods, droughts, famines etc. Patriotic scientists felt deeply concerned with
It was in this background that the idea of establishing a forum for scientists,
which would bring them together to discuss and find scientific solutions to the
problems of the country, was mooted by Prof. Meghnad Saha, a great scientist,
patriot and then Professor of Physics at Allahabad University in 1929. His views
were published in December 1929 issue of the Allahabad University magazine in an
article entitled 'A Plea for an Academy of Sciences'.
Thus, the National Academy of Sciences, India (initially called “The Academy of
Sciences of United Provinces of Agra and Oudh”) was founded in the year 1930,
with the objectives to provide a national forum for the publication of research
work carried out by Indian scientists and to provide opportunities for exchange
of views among them. The Memorandum of Association was signed by seven
distinguished and patriotic scientists namely Prof. Meghnad Saha, Prof. K.N.
Bahl, Prof. D.R. Bhattacharya, Prof. P.C. MacMohan, Prof. A.C. Banerji, Prof.
Ch. Wali Mohammad and Prof. N.R. Dhar. Of these, the Academy had the good
fortune of having the continued association of Prof. N.R. Dhar until very lately
when he expired on December 5, 1986 at the age of 96 years. Apart from being one
of the founders of the Academy and taking continued interest in its welfare,
Prof. Dhar also donated the piece of land on which the Academy building stands
The Rules and Regulations of the Academy were based on those of the Royal
Society of England and the Asiatic Society of Bengal. These have since been
revised and updated to meet the emerging challenges. Prof. Meghnad Saha was
elected its first President. In the Inaugural address, Prof. Saha Said :
“…..But the main function of the Academy should be towards cultural improvement
by contribution to human knowledge”. Since then, the Academy has crossed many
milestones, successfully serving the “Science & Society”. In its Silver Jubilee
Session in 1955, Prof. Saha, further emphasized the role of the Academies in
developing human scientific resources. Similarly, during the Golden Jubilee
Session of the Academy in 1980, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, Prime Minster of India
stressed that the need of hour was to ensure that science does not remain
confined to laboratories. The address delivered by His Excellency Sri
Venkataraman, President of India, during the Diamond Jubilee Session (1990-91)
was a timely reminder of the vision of late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru to integrate
science with the lives of the people; and the Academy left no stone unturned in
pursuing its aim and objectives, which was appreciated by His Excellency Dr.
APJ Abdul Kalam, President of India, in his address during the Platinum Jubilee
Celebrations of the Academy in 2005. Dr. Kalam praised the role of the Academy
in boosting the zeal of the budding scientists, who could do better in future
with such support and endeavour.
The Academy undertakes several “science-society” programs under the guidance of
its Presidents and Fellows. As its Past Presidents, very distinguished
scientists like Prof. M.S. Swaminathan, Prof. Manju Sharma, Prof. P.N. Tandon,
Prof. S.K. Joshi, Prof. Jai Pal Mittal, Prof. V.P. Kamboj, Prof. Ashok Misra,
Prof. A.K. Sharma, Prof. Asis Datta and Dr. K. Kasturirangan are keenly
associated with the Academy and enormously contributing to its development. It
is worth mentioning that a few other Past Presidents (unfortunately who
are not with us), as Prof. M.G.K. Menon, Dr. V.P. Sharma, Dr. T.N. Khoshoo,
Prof. U.S. Srivastava, Dr. A.P. Mitra and Dr. S.Z. Qasim also contributed a lot
to the development of science in general and the Academy in particular, in the
The Academy while starting with 57 ordinary Members and 19 Fellows, has now 1730
Members and 1759 Fellows from all parts of the country; including 20 Honorary
Fellows and 100 Foreign Fellows from various disciplines of Science and
Technology. The Academy is financially supported by the Department of Science &
Technology, Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt. of India; and it is also
recognized as the Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation by the DSIR,
Govt. of India.
NASI - envisions the cultivation and promotion of Science & Technology in all
its branches through –
(a) promoting scientific and technological research related to the problems of
(b) publication of proceedings, journals, memoirs, transactions and other
works as may be considered desirable;
meetings and hold discussions on scientific and technological problems;
(d) undertaking, through properly constituted committees and bodies, the
scientific work(s) of technological or public importance.
(e) co-operating with other organizations in India and abroad, having similar
objects, and to appoint representatives of the Academy to act on national and
(f) securing and managing funds and endowments for the promotion of science
organising a Science Library;
performing all other acts, matters and things that may assist in, conduce to, or
be necessary for the fulfillment of the above mentioned aims and objects of the
creating an adequate impact of the Academy all over the country, by opening
Chapters of the Academy in other cities in the country, where reasonable number
of Fellows and Members are available.
1. Prof. Anil
Kakodkar, D.Sc.(h.c.), FNASc, FASc, FNAE, FIE, Formerly Chairman, AEC &
Secretary, DAE, GOI; DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor & Member AEC, BARC, Trombay,
Mumbai – 400085
Akhilesh K. Tyagi, PhD, FNASc, FASc, FNA, FNAAS, FTWAS, Department of Plant
Molecular Biology, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi - 110021
3. Prof. Asis
Datta, Ph.D., D.Sc., FNASc, FASc, FNA, FTWAS, NASI-Platinum Jubilee Chair
Distinguished Professor; Formerly Vice-Chancellor, JNU & Founder Director,
National Institute of Plant Genome Research, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi –
Rohini Madhusudan Godbole, Ph.D.(SUNY), D.Lit., FNASc, FASc, FNA, FTWAS,
Professor, Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science,
Bangalore - 560012
Pramod Tandon, PhD, FNASc, FBS, Formerly Vice-Chancellor, NEHU, Shillong;
Chief Executive Officer, Biotech Park, Sector G, Kursi Road, Jankipuram, Lucknow
Balakrishnan Ramakrishnan, Ph.D., FNASc, Professor-H, Harish Chandra
Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhunsi, Allahabad – 211019
Pramod Kumar Garg, MBBS, MD, DM, FNASc, FAMS, Professor, Department of
Gastroenterology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110029
(Mrs.) Veena Tandon, PhD, FNASc, FZSI, FHSI, Formerly Professor,
Department of Zoology, NEHU, Shillong; NASI-Senior Scientist, Biotech Park,
Sector G, Kursi Road, Jankipuram, Lucknow - 226021
9. Prof. Umesh
Chandra Srivastava, D.Phil., Doctor of Neurophysiology (Pisa), FNASc, FIAN,
Emeritus Professor, Department of Zoology, University of Allahabad, Allahabad -
Madhoolika Agrawal, Ph.D., FNASc, FNAAS, Professor, Department of Botany,
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221005
Jayesh Ramesh Bellare, Ph.D., FNASc, Institute Chair Professor, Chemical
Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai- 400076
12. Prof. K.V.R.
Chary, PhD, FNASc, FNA, FAPASc, Senior Professor (I), JC Bose Fellow (DST,
GOI), Department of Chemical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research,
Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai – 400005
13. Prof. Alok
Dhawan, PhD, FNASc, FST, FAEB, FINS, FAScAW, Director, CSIR-Indian Institute
of Toxicology Research, Post Box No. 80, M.G. Marg, Lucknow - 226001
Sugeerappa Laxmanappa Hoti, Ph.D., FNASc, FISP, Scientist G &
Director-in-Charge, Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Nehru
Nagar(Opp.KLE Hospital), Belagavi – 590010
15. Dr. Hemanta
Kumar Majumder, PhD, FNASc, FASc, FNA, FAScT(WB), DAE-Raja Ramanna Fellow,
Scientist G, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4 Raja S.C. Mullick Road,
Kolkata - 700032
Jayant Moreshwar Modak, Ph.D., FNASc, FNAE, Professor, Department of
Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – 560012
17. Dr. Sankar
Kumar Pal, PhD (Cal.& Lond.), DIC, FNASc, FASc, FNA, FNAE, FIEEE, FTWAS,
FIAPR, FIFSA, Raja Ramanna Fellow, Distinguished Scientist & Former Director,
Indian Statistical Institute, 203, B.T. Road, Kolkata -700108
18. Prof. A.S.
Raghavendra, PhD, FNASc, FASc, FNA, FNAAS, FTWAS, Professor, Department of
Plant Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad -
Chandrima Shaha, PhD, FNASc, FASc, FNA, Professor of Eminence and former
Director, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi -
20. Dr. Amit
Prakash Sharma, PhD (Northwestern, USA), FNASc, FASc, FNA, FTWAS, Group
Leader & Staff Scientist, Structural & Computational Biology Group,
International Centre for Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology, Aruna Asaf Ali
Marg, New Delhi – 110067
21. Prof. L.S.
Shashidhara, Ph.D. (Cambridge,UK), FNASc, FASc, FNA, Professor & Coordinator
(Biology), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, 900, NCL
Innovation Park, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune – 411008
Sampat Kumar Tandon, PhD, FNASc, FASc, FNA, FGS, FTWAS, Sir JC Bose Chair
Professor, IISER Bhopal, Bhopal Bypass Road, Bhauri, Bhopal – 462066
23. Prof. Anil
Kumar Tyagi, Ph.D., FNASc, FASc, FNA, Vice-Chancellor, GGS
Indraprastha University, Sector 16C, Dwarka, New Delhi - 110078
DST Secretary’s Nominee –
Prof. Sibaji Raha, Ph.D., FNASc, Director, Bose Institute, P-1/12, CIT
Scheme VII-M, Kolkata – 700054
Activities of NASI (in a nutshell):
Being the oldest science Academy of this country, NASI has carved a niche in
science popularization and promotional activities. In the recent past the
Academy performed in an outstanding way by accomplishing the following major
tasks successfully, with the active support of its Fellows/Members; and
financial support of the DST, New Delhi –
Apart from regular publications (Proceedings of NASI, Sec. A & B, each in IV
parts & Science Letters in VI parts), in collaboration with the Springer, the
Academy published two books on Light to celebrate the International Year of
Light; and another on Dengue (in Hindi) of about 400 pages. The 9 volumes
published on the History of Science in India were distributed to the concerned
govt. and non-govt. agencies for dissemination of knowledge. The reviews
published in the Proceedings and Science Letters of the Academy covered the most
discussed areas of research from Nanotechnology to Biotechnology; and Material
Science to Transformational Technologies. The Academy also published a book on
“Communicable and Non-communicable Diseases” (Edited by Prof. V.P. Sharma and
Prof. Asis Datta); and a Monograph (by Prof P.N. Tandon, world famous medical
scientist) having fascinating account of his tryst with bio-medical research.
Another very important publication was the “Festschrift” - dedicated to Prof.
M.G.K. Menon – a legendary scientist of India. The NASI-Senior Scientists, Ganga
researchers and others associated with the Academy published several research
publications in high impact factor journals of world repute.
Science Communication Activities
The highlights of activities were Children Science Meet, Summer & Winter
Schools, Vocational Training Programmes, Teachers Workshops, Scientific Writing
Contest, Vigyan, Jal & Health Chaupals, Seminars, National Technology Day,
National Mathematics Day, National Science Day and World Environment Day etc.
The Academy also encouraged the teachers for out of the class science activities
by recognizing their talent and giving away NASI-Science Teacher’s Awards to
NASI’s 18 Chapters organized hundreds of science communication activities, in
and around their region throughout the year, the details of which have already
been published in the Annual Report of NASI. More than 10,000 students and
teachers were benefitted from these activities.
Not only that, a series of workshops on Scientific Paper Writing was organized
by the Academy to train the young researchers for expressing their views and
research findings in an appropriate manner. So far, 12 such workshops have been
organized at BHU, Varanasi; SGPGI, Lucknow; NASI, Allahabad; Udaipur; Mumbai;
Dehradun, Pune and Amravati; out of which 2 were organized in the year 2016-17.
Another important awareness programme (2 in 2016-17) for the Army personnel was
The awareness programmes were also organized in the SAGY village near Varanasi;
and exhibitions were show-cased in such villages for motivating the rural youth
for self employment.
Science Education Programmes in joint collaboration of other National Science
The NASI together with other two Science Academies - Indian National Science
Academy, New Delhi and Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore is jointly
sponsoring the Summer Research Fellowship under the joint Science Education
Panel to provide opportunities to bright under and post-graduate students and
teachers to usefully spend their summer/winter vacations.
Annual Session/Symposia/Seminars & Scientific Discussions
The Academy after organizing a symposium on “Desert Science- Opportunities and
Challenges” at Jai Narayan Vyas University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan on December 4 -
6, 2014, during its 84th Annual Session, also took up the issue of
climate change to other parts of the country by organizing the Brainstorming
Sessions on Safe Water & Sanitation (in Allahabad & Delhi), Climate change
(inaugurated by Hon’ble Minister at Jammu); and several other sensitization
programmes on Nutrition & Health; Environment, Pollution & Conservation issues
etc. A Symposium on Marine & Fresh Water Ecosystems, was also organized at
Bhubaneswar during the 85th Annual Session of NASI on Dec. 6-8, 2015
to discuss several related aspects as well as the climate change impact on our
ecosystem. In the end of the year 2016 (Dec. 2-4), the Academy organized 86th
Annual Session and Symposium on “Science, Technology and Entrepreneurship for
Human Welfare in The Himalayan Region” at Dehradun.
To recognize the outstanding scientific contributions of the scientists, the
Academy awarded the prestigious Fellowship/Membership to the scientists (about
more than 100 scientists) working in different areas of science & technology,
selected from all across the country in the year 2016. It also awarded a few
Foreign Fellowships to the scientists working in different countries in
collaboration with the scientists in India.
Library services were enriched through digitization of the library, subscribing
more books and by providing facilities of storage, reading room and citation
etc. Internet facility for educational purpose is also being provided to the
students free-of-cost. The library has been connected to National Knowledge
Recognition and Awards
Industries Platinum Jubilee Awards (2016) for the Application Oriented
Innovations covering both Physical and Biological Sciences.
Scientist Platinum Jubilee Awards
(2016) in the fields of Biological/Physical/ Chemical Sciences; & 10th
NASI Scopus Awards (2015-16).
NASI-Senior Scientist Platinum Jubilee Fellowships
M.G.K. Menon Lecture Award
(instituted in 2015); given to Prof Govind Swarup, a world famous
scientist (in 2015); and Prof. P.N. Tandon, world famous medical
scientist (in 2016).
NASI – Swarna Jayanti Puruskars
(2016) for Best Paper Presentation in the Annual Session.
NASI – Springer Awards
(2016) for Best Paper Presentation in the Annual Session (started from the year
2015, in collaboration with the Springer India Pvt. Ltd.).
Memorial Lecture Awards
to the eminent scientists (2016).
NASI – Science and Maths Teacher Awards
(2016) by NASI HQ and some of its Chapters in their respective region.
Establishment of Brahmaputra Gallery at Guwahati, Assam; and another at Mysore
After the establishment of Ganga-gallery at Allahabad, the Academy established
another river-gallery on Brahmaputra river at Assam. Both these galleries were
established in collaboration with the National Council of Science Museum,
Kolkata. The work on third gallery (on river Cauvery) has been started at Mysore,
Karnataka with the financial support of the Govt. of Karnataka.
Sensitization Programmes for Women Researchers/Scientists.
The Academy organized four workshops on Technological Empowerment of Women at
different centres of the country in the year 2016-17. About 2500 women
scientists/researchers were sensitized under this programme; and the booklet
published with pragmatic solutions to the problems of women
scientists/researchers, were distributed among the teachers and students. Also,
collaborations were established with ICAR, ICMR and other institutions for
developing some mechanisms to reduce the problem of malnutrition and drudgery of
farm/rural women; a Vision Document on women scientists in India was published
in collaboration with other two National Science Academies of India.
Rejuvenation of Baolies (Step wells) in Bundelkhand area
Under the safe water programme, the Academy restored 5 wells at Bundelkhand area
to assure the availability of safe water to the local tribals and have-nots of
the area. Also connected to
MPCOST with this programme for community schemes. Soon, these baolies are to be
dedicated to the nation.
The 18 Chapters of the Academy have undertaken a hundreds of science
communication/education activities for the furtherance of the Academy’s
objectives. Detailed reports of the Chapters have been included in the Annual
Report of the Academy.